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Tips for Dealing With Cash Flow Insolvency

Most organizations have some business obligation. The straightforwardness with which they oversee it is driven by the kind of obligation and why they have it. Spinning credit obligation is utilized regularly in circumstances where the organization is managing income indebtedness.

An organization will be in danger to the degree it is depending on layaway for its survival. When you utilize a credit extension or a charge card, the hazard is that you will have enough cash, at a future date and time, to pay back the budgetary commitment when it is expected. You are really swearing your future business generation to the credit organization, and you will no uncertainty require the income from that future creation to pay future bills.

You can’t acquire your approach to income dissolvability. The answer for overseeing business obligation is to deal with the absence of income to run the organization and buy what it needs without depending using a credit card. Here are a few hints you can utilize to make income dissolvability.

Know Your Real Income Planning Target

An excessive number of entrepreneurs under-assess how much income they have to acquire every week, or month, keeping in mind the end goal to show improvement over equaling the initial investment. The straightforward explanation behind this is they just utilize their bookkeeping monetary reports to attempt to make sense of how much salary the organization needs to make to demonstrate a benefit. However when they do demonstrate a benefit, and need to pay imposes on it, they ask why that benefit isn’t sitting in their financial balance. With regards to income, foreseeing the future requires making arrangements for what’s to come.

The straightforward computation of how much your financials demonstrate it cost to run the organization, in addition to the obligation from the accounting report, in addition to how much money will be required for dealing with future monetary crises, paying duties, subsidizing business extension, taking care of lawful issues, rescuing the organization on account of a major downturn in the economy, and reserving money to support a retirement design, commonly uncovers that the wage arranging focus to improve the situation than making back the initial investment is a significantly bigger number than assessed. This action is known as building a financial plan.

Set Sales Targets and Quotas For Your Staff

On the off chance that your pay arranging target is too low, at that point you are intending to become bankrupt. On the off chance that your wage arranging target is right then you have a strong number to use to set the business targets and portions for your representatives. On the off chance that everybody, including the regulatory staff that backings the business staff, know the genuine focus on the organization needs to make, at that point they’ll move in the direction of that objective. When they don’t comprehend what is really expected of them, it can just hurt the business.

Pay Bonuses Instead Of Giving Raises

It is risky in the extraordinary for an organization to get into the situation of being required to pass out salary increases each year. The entrepreneur winds up paying all the more every year for a similar execution, or here and there less execution. Rather than giving raises each year, actualize a reward framework in light of surpassing the wage arranging target. You can pay rewards out as an offer of the benefits over the objective. Similarly for instance to begin your point of view on this one, your reward design could pay littler month to month or quarterly rewards to keep staff energized and “in the diversion” and afterward a huge reward toward the finish of the year.

Managing Business Processes

Quite a bit of what we do, regardless of whether at work or in our own lives, includes routine procedures. For instance, driving an auto to shop at our most loved basic supply is normal, not requiring much idea despite the fact that we center around being cautious. At work we may welcome our clients or patients with routine welcome, in spite of the fact that we endeavor to be cordial. These schedules don’t require a ton of thought. Rather, our psyches embrace designs for these schedules rather rapidly as it spares a great deal of vitality, as indicated by late mind examine. In this way, if the majority of what we do is standard, at that point we have to ensure that the examples or procedures engaged with these schedules are successful and client or patient-focused.

Before continuing too far, let me characterize what a procedure is. As per the American Society of Quality (ASQ), a procedure is “An arrangement of interrelated work exercises portrayed by an arrangement of particular sources of info and esteem included undertakings that make up a technique for an arrangement of particular yields.” To outline this, I will inspect a bit of the way toward checking a patient in at an outpatient center. The information will be data given by the patient-name, nature of visit and protection scope. The esteem included undertakings are the issues from the individual checking in the patient. For example, “Do despite everything you have a similar protection? May I see your card?” Doing this offers some benefit for the facility as it gives a methods for charging to the administrations. The yields are the recorded reactions of the patient.

For the best results that are unsurprising for the two patients or clients and the supplier or business it is important to comprehend the numerous procedures at a supplier site and viably deal with the procedures. This capacity is called Business Process Management by quality experts and was the focal point of an article in the May, 2015, issue of Quality Progress, the lead distribution of the ASQ-“Process Primer”.

Inability to effectively deal with the procedures at your work site may have numerous unintended outcomes that influence the primary concern. Give me a chance to come back to the check in of the patient said above for instance. Assume the assistant requesting the present protection data of the patient discovers that the patient has quite recently enlisted in Medicare. When requesting the protection card the patient supplies his/her Medicare card. This appears to be fine however assume the patient is in a Medicare Advantage program and, being new to Medicare, does not supply that card. At that point, when the facility documents a claim, it will be denied and the charging staff should contact the patient to discover how to determine the issue. This additional work is expensive and time squandering. It could have all been kept away from if the registration routine included inquiring as to whether they are utilizing a Medicare Advantage payer.

Rental Management Businesses Worldwide

The mounting learning and the business probability with respect to taking care of business, business and private land by gifted experts has guided the route to the improvement of another sort of business viewed as the rental and property administration business. This business can utilize the chances to a huge degree as a result of which they have created. At the appropriate time, it secured the path for backup organizations and side-effects too.

They serve different duties in the interest of the property proprietor and the land master. The dominant part of land rulers support the space from every one of the inconveniences of lease gathering, administration, upkeep, repairs and the upgrades which are in time overseen by the talented experts. Lawful activities and other legitimate concerns are a piece of the entire administration process too. Property proprietors commonly choose quickly before giving over the administration and upkeep obligations to the organizations. Besides, property records and funds are dealt with by administration experts also.

The master experts in rental and property administration are known to stick to methods for progress and accomplishment in this industry. They have made up the expression “Land Lording” which they pronounced to totally get it. As they have inferred, the mind boggling contact between the land ruler and the inhabitant is legitimately required which they claim to be thankful about the way it ought to be and prepared to do expertly overseeing undesirable cases should they emerge. At first they find empty rental units and change them into involved spaces by methods for confident and viable promoting.

Rental and property units are awesome on request which is a turn off of the formative stage that the world is encountering. Along these lines, rental and property administration organizations have risen everywhere throughout the world, giving proficient administration administrations to their customers. You can locate a broad rundown of these organizations on the Internet where you can likewise check the assortment of administration and upkeep benefits that they offer.

Elaine Bernabe composes tips and other educational articles about investment property administration. On the off chance that you are intrigued to figure out how you can get more benefits from your land rental business visit Minneapolis Property Management.

Some Easy Steps For Managing Business Finances

Overseeing business funds is the thing that isn’t anything but difficult to be done however you have an ability to do it in the event that you need to attempt. On the off chance that you can sort out the funds in your business, it will give an incredible outcome for you. Additionally, you will have a business that could give numerous advantages for you.

This article will clarify some simple advances that you have to do on the off chance that you might want to arrange your business accounts. This article is helpful for the business visionary as well as for individuals who need to begin their business. Knowing this data will help you to get enough information to decide the best thing for your business.

Keeping your bills in a single place is the primary thing that you have to do. On the off chance that you keep them in one place, you won’t get any trouble to discover them. Moreover, keeping them will help you to know how much the cost that you spend in a month and what sort of costs you require. On the off chance that you have numerous bills, you have to keep them in a place which is bigger.

Accustoming yourself to pay the bills on a calendar is likewise something else that you have to perform. On the off chance that you pay the bills in the wake of getting them, you don’t have to invest your energy for checking them so you utilize the ideal opportunity for accomplishing something helpful for your business. Additionally, paying the bills on a calendar will stay away from you to get fine so you don’t have to pay more for them.

Web Designing And Seo

Technologies are improving day by day. The days were gone where a new brand went through a lot of troubles to be famous and well-known. It needed a lot of advertisement to come to the attraction of folks. Televisions, newspapers, and magazines are some mediums to promote a brand. But it was really tiresome as it takes a long time and process. A brand could be lost easily in the crowd of competitors. Reaching people was tough and complicated. But those days were gone and today a new item does not face many troubles for its promotion. It is because of the invention of the internet. This highly advanced technology has made everything easy and fast. From booking a flight ticket to communicating one far away from a place becomes easy and it is by the influence of the internet. The internet has entered in everyone’s home very casually and has made lives more comfortable and swift.
Now business promotion is not a big matter to the businesspersons and they have got many useful and effective ways to make brands popular and well-known. One of the easiest and effective ways is website making. You can call that it is an imperative task for every business and by using this skill a business can reach its highest level of success. When a new brand is marketed it needs to be popular for increasing its sell and profit. And it is the best option to create an innovative and informative website for the brand. Website making is a tough task also as it needs the highest efficiency. You can get many assurances about the services as there are many designers but it is a challenge to find an innovative and experienced designing team for the purpose.
Your website is the face of what you provide to the people. It can say everything about your taste, choice, and eminence. Thus, it should be created sincerely and in an efficient manner that it can attract a huge number of visitors easily with its first glimpse. When a visitor visits your website he leaves it immediately if there is no interesting issue in it. And making your website interesting and attractive, you need a good and experienced website designer or a designing team that is efficient, creative, and resourceful. Searching on the internet, you will be able to find out the best Web Design Adelaide that can support you from the initial stage. A creative designer inputs all your essential data and images to your website that visitors get the total familiarity about your business.
A creative website making does not work fruitfully if it is not promoted on the internet. And it is called SEO, the service that gives your brand a higher rank on the search engines like Google. When a visitor searches a product he will be impressive by your position if it has a higher position. He is more likely want to choose a business that has a good and reputed position. And a good and skilled Adelaide SEO team can create the miracle by the most innovative and advanced process. SEO is an imperative task to increase your business and brand name. Chose the team carefully and enjoy a gainful business.

Treating Mental Health and Forensic Populations

No longer is it possible to assess and/or treat a mental health population without also interfacing with forensic issues such as legal infractions, Courts, violence, sexual behavior problems, delinquency, crime, Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity, substance abuse, and others. The training and approaches to the mental health population is different than that for a forensic population. So what is to be done, if a person has both issues? We must be cross trained for dually affected clients.

How Are the Populations Different

A Mental Health population is comprised primarily Axis I disorders, such as Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Major Depression, PTSD, and Anxiety Disorders. Daily functioning is on a continuum. Recovery is quick for some and slow for others and is also on a continuum. Well controlled intermittent, mild to moderate episodes of a mood or anxiety disorder will not necessarily interfere with daily functioning. Someone with severe, chronic Schizophrenia or Mood Disorder requiring periodic hospitalizations and extensive community support, will have impairment in daily functioning. Goals for these folks are often pro-social and involve being an active member of society. A therapist can be fairly sure that the mental health client without forensic issues will be relatively honest in his or her interactions and the therapist can take most of what he/she says at face value. An emphasis on a strengths model works well when no personality disorder is involved.

A forensic population can be defined as having personality disorders, interpersonal difficulties, behavioral problems, multiple problems and life long courses of various levels of dysfunction or difficulty. Again, this population fills the full spectrum of effective daily functioning. However, social functioning is often the most severe impairment. There are issues of trust, appropriate relationships, ego centrism, moral development, honesty, manipulation, and danger to self and others. They often have a negative view of themselves and others, especially authority figures. Moral development is often delayed leaving them at the egocentric stage of development. This means that what serves the self is what matters and empathy for others and the ability to have an honest relationship with another person may not yet have developed. Their goals are often self-serving.

The capacity to understand the importance of the best interest of the group through laws and rules that we voluntarily follow, may not be well understood. Many, if not most, have histories of childhood abuse, neglect, or exposure to domestic violence. The assessment and interventions with this population is necessarily different that those for a people with no Axis II disorder or trait. The people with forensic issues do not always tell the truth because of their lack of trust in relationships. The therapist cannot take what he/she says at face value. The therapist must separate the sincere from the manipulative moves for self-gain. The internal boundaries are such that they need the therapist to put external boundaries into place for them. Information must be checked with other sources of information.

How Assessment Tools Differ

In a mental health population, assessment can quite effectively be done through instruments such as the MMPI-A, BASC, and MACI. These self-report tools are quite sufficient for this population and will elucidate psychological dynamics and mental illness, if present. Self-report is not as much of an issue as it is in the forensic population, where third party verification is more important. However when a youth has multiple problems, both mental health and forensic, a combination of tools is preferred.

Forensic evaluation tools rely less on self-report because of the trust issues and because it is not always in the client’s best interest to be completely truthful. Self-report assessment instruments can be used, but third party and official reports should also be used in the evaluation phase of a forensic assessment. Courts are concerned with public safety, therefore, the need for tools that assess future risk of dangerousness to others. Risk of future aggression and sexual behavior problems that have been derived from statistical models (actuarial tools) should be part of the evaluation since clinical assessment of risk of future dangerousness is only a little better than chance. While risk assessments are not perfect, they are better than clinical judgment in this area.

How are Interventions Different?

Major Mental Illnesses, while often chronic, can often be very effectively treated with medication and therapy. At the higher functioning end of the continuum, therapy can be supportive, psychotherapeutic, family, or cognitive behavioral. Therapists are trained to accept what the client presents and start where the client is functioning and how the client sees the world. The clients are usually self-motivated and seek therapy voluntarily. They accept responsibility for their behaviors and for making changes in their lives. Use of a strengths model is often very effective. Many people recover fully and lead quite “normal,” non-disrupted lives. When someone is on the lower end of the continuum, with major disruption in every day functioning (work and family),despite medication and therapy, major supports for housing, jobs, and activities of daily living and medication are needed for a very long time, perhaps a life time. However, their life goals are often still pro-social. Serlf-directed care works well with the mental health population without Axis II diagnoses.

In the area of intervention, different approaches are needed for the forensic population. Some level of social and family dysfunction is generally intergenerational and lifelong. These clients are often Court ordered to an assessment or therapy or they are having significant problems at work or within the family causing others to seek assessment or therapy for them. They do not always accept responsibility for their actions or for changing. There are skill deficits that need to be addressed, such as social skills, anger management, and problem solving. You cannot take what these clients say at face value. Third party information is always needed. This is because you need to trust someone in order to be honest with them and most of these folks have been abused, neglected, or exposed to domestic violence and a suspicious arm’s length treatment of others is a coping strategy that is difficult to give up.

This population often has multiple problems so that Multi-systemic Therapy that approaches many areas that need to be addressed is often effective (treating the whole person). Group work and trauma therapies are also good tools. Self-directed therapy may not be effective because of the need to protect oneself from what may appear to be an unsafe world. Nurturing, setting good boundaries, and structure are essential in this work. Motivational interviewing and stages of change can be very helpful. When clients have issues in the mental health and forensic arenas, both approaches must be used to the extent possible.

Conclusions

Clients in a mental health setting range from the single diagnosis of a major mental Illness to the dual diagnosis of a major mental illness and a personality disorder and/or forensic/legal issue. The approaches to these dissimilar populations is unique when clients are dually diagnosed, both approaches are needed. Assessments and treatment for a mental health population can be self-directed and strengths based.

However, the approach for the forensic population cannot be self-directed because the client’s goals are often antisocial and by definition counter to the best interests of society. The therapist or evaluator cannot accept everything the client says at face value because not being honest is part of the disorder that the therapist is treating. Motivational interviewing seems to blend the views of traditional mental health and forensics in a way that is beneficial for the client and society.

Modern Methods For Biochemistry Analysis

A biochemisty analyser is a device designed to perform a variety of biochemical tests. Invented by Hans Baruch, they were introduced to the medical community, commercially, in 1959, and allowed medical laboratories and hospitals to process more samples more quickly and effectively than before. With this automated testing process, the testing time went from days – sometimes weeks – to mere minutes.

Before then, the most common form of biochemical analysis involved open test tubes placed in racks which were then either moved along a track or spun in a carousel. To protect the samples from contamination, and the laboratory staff from illness or injury, closed tube sampling soon followed. The automated biochemistry analysers did not remove the need for clinical lab technicians, however, but it did make working in the labs safer, and helped reduce errors.

There are a variety of tests a biochemistry analyser performs. They can range from testing enzymes for liver function tests, to testing ions for sodium and potassium levels. Blood glucose, creatine, and serum albumin – a plasma protein – among others, can also be analysed.

There are three categories of biochemistry analysers: The wet type, the dry type and the bio sensor. The wet type method involves mixing a test sample with a reagent to encourage a chemical reaction. A reading device, such as a spectrophotometer or a calorimeter can then be used to read the color change before and after the reaction, allowing for analysis. However, this form of testing requires expensive instruments and the ability to keep the reagents valid for long periods of time.

The dry type biochemistry analyser requires the application of a chemical reagent to a test strip, such an antibody or enzyme, which will react directly with the test sample. With the dry type of testing there is a greater risk of oxidation of the test strip which can allow for faulty readings.

When using a biosensor type biochemistry analyser, the test sample may be oxidized and placed on a thin film which is placed onto the surface of an electrode, such as pillar hydrogen peroxide, which is among the most common, and then a polarized potential is applied to the anode and cathode, which releases elctrodes, which may be measured. However, the pillar electrodes require constant maintenance which can lead to cross pollution which can lead to mistaken readings.

Some tests require more specialized tests and require a separate biochemistry analyser. This analyser may be used for several tets, or a single test. Some of these are performed frequently, but others are not, and the majority are expensive to perform, as well as time consuming. Due to the shortage of skilled clinical laboratory professionals, manufacturers are working to develop automated systems for these rare tests.

With the recent contributions in biology, chemistry and genetics, the biochemistry analyser has been evolving and improving. Biochemical research is being pushed, and is now moving from the study of a few molecules to the functional study of all biomolecules. Today, biochemical analysers are being used to help tag proteins and nucleic acids with special dies thhat allow scientists to make great headway in their quest to sequence the human genome.

Italian Food – An Overview

Italian food is more than a form of nourishment; it’s a way of life in a country where family, friendship and feasts are all indelibly linked. Italian food is simple, vibrant and good for you. From roasts to risotto, pasta to preserves, soups to sauces, Italian food is popular all year round. Italian food is highly famed: greatly loved and tirelessly imitated the world over, it has been a source of endless pleasure and joie-de-vivre in countries far and wide. Italian food is not just for Italians, but for everyone.

Cooking

For hundreds of years Italian cooking has followed a very simple principle: food is best when it’s cooked fresh and in season. I am a great fan of Italian cuisine, and a firm believer that cooking is an art, not a task. Most traditional Italian dishes as we know today, are on the whole derived from simple peasant cookery, for example the Pizza, which could be found a couple of centuries ago on the streets of Naples being sold by street vendors to those that had no cooking facilities of their own at home. The regional cooking depends on a number of factors, not only as to what ingredients are most abundant each region, but also historical factors. The recipes of Northern and Southern Italian dishes are quite different and use different methods of cooking. With the exception of a few areas near lakes that exert a moderating influence, Northern Italy is too cold for olive trees to grow, and as a result much of the population used butter for cooking.

Pasta

Pasta, no doubt, plays a large part in most traditional Italian food, and few cultures know how to employ a tomato the way that Italians can. Pasta and olive oil are considered the characteristics of southern Italian food, while northern food focuses on rice and butter (although today there are many exceptions). Italian food is all about combinations of delicious local flavours, a simple sauce, a sprinkling of Parmesan and of course real Italian pasta.

Ingredients

Ingredients used in Italian cooking, such as pasta, olive oil, garlic, tomatoes and red wine have proved to be contributory factors to a healthier lifestyle. Finding the right balance of ingredients is vital in creating vibrant good food. Although there are essential ingredients that every Italian kitchen should have, basil, garlic and olive oil, the most important ingredient is creativity. Italian cookery is exceptionally varied, nutritious and healthy; traditions have been handed down from one family to the next over the centuries, and are associated mainly with country life in that dishes are directly linked to what the Earth produces over the changing seasons: in other words, wholesome cooking whose goodness depends on all-natural ingredients.

Somebody once said “The trouble with eating Italian food is that 5 or 6 days later you’re hungry again”. Italian food is not just for Italians, but for everyone. Did you know that Italian food is the most popular cuisine for eating out throughout the world? I think the success of Italian food is that it’s the food that is easiest to live with.

Bariatric Athlete Fuel Guide Without Carb Loading

We often hear that in order to fuel workouts and races an athlete needs to carb load. And for good reason, carbohydrates are the body’s main fuel source. However, this practice could be a threefold problem for bariathletes. For one, the word ‘load’ alone is not recommended for a small pouch. And when looking at the post-op macronutrient breakdown, protein is in the lead. Lastly, for those who have had the gastric bypass often can not tolerate carbohydrates because they induce dumping syndrome. So what is a bariathlete to do?

Although the body does prefer carbohydrates, loading per se may not be needed. More and more athletes are beginning follow a more balanced diet and continue to perform competitively. We recommend eating well throughout the day with a balance of carbohydrates, protein and fat at each meal.

First, take a look at the micronutrient density of your foods. Are you eating nutrient rich foods or are they many processed and stripped of its vitamins and minerals? Athletes often look past this because they tend to focus on calories and carbohydrates. Bariathletes also tend to forget about this but more due to thinking all their needs are covered in their vitamin and mineral supplements. The supplements cover your bariatric needs, but your nutrient needs increase when you start exercising. And no, we don’t recommend taking more supplements to cover this, we recommend whole foods because your body is able to absorb and utilize these nutrients so much more efficiently from its natural sources.

Because a bariathlete can only eat so much at a given time it is important that meals and snacks do not have more than 4 hours between them. Eating frequently assures your fuel takes are full and can eliminate the need to ‘load’. The key a again is a mix of carbohydrates and protein to meet both your bariatric and athletic needs.

So remember, you are now an athlete and food is the fuel that allows you to live the new and exciting lifestyle you choose. Opt for more mixed meals while still maintaining adequate protein intake. Select more whole, fresh, nutrient rich foods to provide you with the vitamin and minerals you body needs to perform optimally. Good luck and have fun!

*For more specific details for your individual needs, contact us today for a personalized meal plan. LeaCrosetti@BariAthletes.com

30 Points, How Science Has Changed Our Lives

If we look life 100 years ago, and compare that with the today's life, we will notice that Science has dramatically changed human life. With the dawn of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, the effect of Science on human life rapidly changed. Today, science has a profound effect on the way we live, largely through technology, the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes.

Some forms of scientific inventions have changed our lives entirely. For example the refrigerator has played a major role in maintaining public health ever since its invention. The first automobile, dating from the 1880s, made use of many advances in physics, mathematics and engineering; the first electronic computers emerged in the 1940s from simultaneous advances in electronics, physics and mathematics. Today we have extra high- speed super computers with 100% accuracy.

Science has enormous influence on our lives. It provides the basis of much of modern technology – the tools, materials, techniques, and sources of power that make our lives and work easier. The discoveries of scientists also help to shape our views about ourselves and our place in the universe.

Research in food technology has created new ways of preserving and flavoring what we eat. Research in industrial chemistry has created a vast range of plastics and other synthetic materials, which have thousands of uses in the home and in industry. Synthetic materials are easily formed into complex shapes and can be used to make machines, electrical, and automotive parts, scientific, technical and industrial instruments, decorative objects, containers, packing materials and many other items.

1: The use of science in daily life has helped us a good deal in solving problems, dealing with the maintenance of health, production and preservation of food, construction of houses and providing communication and trans-portational (related to transport) facilities. With the help of Science we have controlled epidemics and much other kind of diseases. Now we know the basic structure of DNA and Genetic Engineering is conducting research to find out the right and correct Gene Therapy to overcome all the diseases.

2: Science has changed the people and their living, life style, food habits, sleeping arrangements, earning methods, the way of communication between people and recreational activities. All kinds of music systems, computer games, electronic video games, DVDs, cinema entertainment and communication have been brought to our door with the help of Science. The life of man was very different from what it used to be 100 years back. Science has given ears to the deaf, eyes to the blind and limbs to the crippled. Science has adequately, energetically and productively advanced, changed, civilized, enhanced and progressed human life. Science has brought sophistication to human life.

In short science has changed, improved, enhanced, modified and refined human life in all ways.

3: Today with the help of Science we can explain what was strange and mysterious for the people of the past. The Science of Genetics opening new doors of understanding the human gene and cell.

4: Now human beings have become more critical and less fearful than our fore-fathers and ancestors.

5: Two hundred years ago death rate among children was very high. In those days seven out of eight babies died before their first birthday. Now with the help of vaccines, medications and proper health care system life expectancy has improved. Now people live longer and safe lives as compared to 200 years ago. Biochemical research is responsible for the antibiotics and vaccinations that protect us from infectious diseases, and for a wide range of other drugs used to defeat specific health problems. As a result, the majority of people on the planet now live longer and healthier lives than ever before.

6: After that and up to the age of 12 one used to fall in a prey to diseases like small pox, measles, whooping- cough, scarlet fever and diphtheria. Now Science has defeated these diseases.

7: At a later stage again one was under constant threat of yellow fever, malaria, typhus, cholera, typhoid and influenza. Today we have vaccines and medical aid to cope with these health problems. Further research is underway to find out the causes and treatment of these and other diseases.

8: From one person the disease used to spread among the other people. It is called Epidemics. Now with the help of Vaccines and Medications we have defeated these diseases. But still Science has to do more research and has to fight with other arenas of diseases.

9: Life was uncertain. It was rare to see to somebody thirty years old because due to diseases many people died earlier than the age of thirty. These conditions were prevailing just a short while ago.

10: In everyday life, we have to communicate with different friends and relatives, various official people and for general purposes. And many people to be contacted can be at very far off distances. However, time and distance both have been conquered by Science. Whether we want to communicate or travel, both are possible quickly, briskly and expeditiously.

11: These days there are very little chances of babies catching diseases, because births normally take place in hospitals under the supervision of a team of specialist doctors. Science has invented vaccines for young babies to protect them against future life illnesses.

12: Young people are also given medical treatment in time and these days the man lives for about seventy years.

13: Science and scientific methods have helped in finding out the cause of disease and its prevention.

14: Sanitary condition in the past was deplorable. Now we have better sanitary systems.

15: The city streets were unpaved; there was no proper drainage system. Garbage and other refuse was seen everywhere. Pigs were seen wandering through the streets. People got water from filthy wells. Now filtered mineral water is available to overcome diseases. Solid waste management is not a problem now a days, it is the duty of the city municipal committees to manage and dump it with the latest machinery and equipments

16: Now all these defects have gone. There is cleanliness everywhere. It is illegal to throw garbage into the streets. There is a proper drainage system and new and improved methods for solid waste management as it has been told earlier. There are separate departments that bother about sanitary condition of the towns.

17: A century ago for house hold purposes water was carried from wells outside in buckets. It sometimes proved injurious to human health. Moreover, it was insufficient for the daily needs. But now water filters have become a thing of common usage.

18: Now there is sufficient supply of water in cities. For example Los Angeles gets water through pipes from Colorado River, which is 340 miles away. This water is supplied to Los Angeles after the proper water filtration process.

19: With the help of science there is change in our food also. We get varieties of food. In the past, food could not be preserved. But now the quick freezing methods have made possible preservation possible. Due to modern technologies like dehydration and sterilization there is no chance of food poisoning. We get all kinds of fruits, meats and vegetables. Even those fruits and vegetables which are out of season.

20: Not only our eating habits are changed, but also there are improvements in our houses. Means of transport has also undergone a big improvement and change.

21: Science has also changed our attitudes. Superstitions have been discarded, because there is no scientific basis for them. Now people do not fear cloud thunders.

22: Now people no more believe that diseases are caused by evil spirits.

23: Astrology and fortune- telling have lost popularity as compared to 100 years ago. Nobody now fears black cats, broken mirrors and the number 13. Because science has proved that these kinds of fears are un-scientific and illogical.

24: Science has changed the longstanding false notions of the people, which are not supported by Scientific Facts.

25: Research in the field of science and technology has made people open-minded and cosmopolitan, because the Scientist does not like to travel on the beaten track and he always tries to find out new things, new explorations, new discoveries and new inventions.

26: Science has also brought medical equipments that help to save human life. The kidney dialysis machine facilitates many people to survive kidney diseases that would once have proved fatal, and artificial valves allow sufferers of coronary heart disease to return to active living. Since the 1980s, lasers have been used in the treatment of painful kidney stones. Lasers are used when kidney stones fail to pass through the body after several days, it provides a quick and low-pain way to break up the stone and allow the stones to be easily passed through the body. This technique is called Lithotripsy.

27: Arthroscopic surgery is a technique using fiber optics to probe complex joints such as knee, shoulder, ankle and wrist to evaluate injury. It is a minimally invasive operation to repair a damaged joint; the surgeon examines the joint with an "arthroscopy" while making repairs through a small incision.

28: 200 years ago nobody even knows that human body parts can be replaced or transplanted. Now kidney transplant is widely used to save human lives around the globe. Dr. Christian Bernard first of all invented the method of heart transplant. Eye transplant techniques are used in these days to see again this beautiful world, for those who have lost their eyes. These all are the blessings of Science.

29: Ultra-high-frequency (UHF) waves are allocated for variety of uses, including television, cellular phones, public safety radios, business radios, military aircraft communications, military radar, cordless phones, baby monitors, etc. So, whether someone is watching over-the-air TV, talking on cell phone, having police / fire / ambulance dispatched to an emergency they are experiencing, or having national airspace protected by military aircraft, they all are benefitting from the science that has allowed the use of UHF waves. Even it is used to treat some illnesses.

30: For communication, now we have fixed wire telephones, moveable wireless phone sets, cordless phones, mobile phones, wireless, video conferencing, Internet, Broad Band Internet, E-mail, Social Networks, Satellite Communication and many other ways to communicate. These all are blessings of Science. Today we are better aware of what is happening around the globe due to satellite television channels. The benign and benefits of science for human life are endless.